Situations may arise wherein a women needs to terminate her pregnancy. Below are details of the legal provisions in this regard, as per the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.

A pregnancy may be terminated by a registered medical practitioner with the consent of the pregnant women where: Length of the pregnancy does not exceed 12 weeks, if a medical practitioner is of opinion, or
Length of the pregnancy exceeds 12 weeks but does not exceed 20 weeks, if not less than two registered medical practitioners are, of opinion
The continuance of the pregnancy would involve a risk to the life of the pregnant woman or of grave injury to her physical or mental health; or
There is a substantial risk that if the child was born, it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities to be seriously handicapped.

Grave mental injury includes pregnancy caused by rape and pregnancy caused due to fault/failure of contraceptives used by either partner.

However, the conditions related to the length of the pregnancy and the opinion of at least two registered medical practitioners, do not apply in a case where the registered medical

practitioner is of the opinion, that the termination of such pregnancy is immediately necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman.

For all the above cases no pregnancy should be terminated except with the consent of pregnant woman.

For minor girls and mentally ill women written consent of the guardian is essential.

Who can terminate the pregnancy?

Any registered medical practitioner who possesses any recognized medical qualification as per the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, whose name has been entered in a State Medical Register and who has experience or training in gynaecology and obstetrics as per rules in the MTP Act.

Where can the pregnancy terminated?

In any hospital established or maintained by Government, or in any place approved by Government in this regard.