Gender Rights, Gender Based Violence and Law Enforcement

Gender Rights, Gender Based Violence and Law Enforcement is entrusted with the task of liaising with and strengthening the interface on gender-based violence and legal issues with participating Ministries/Departments, State Governments/UTs, other relevant institutions, and civil society. The objective is to strengthen the ‘Convergence Model’ within the domain of gender rights, gender based violence and law enforcement - by bridging the gap between the demand and supply of the services related to women, bringing greater awareness about women specific laws and programmes of the government, augmenting the demand for various services/schemes for women, and connecting them with the service providers. This domain aims at empowering women by providing a window for creating awareness on important laws, Bills, judgements and ensuring delivery of legal schemes/ programmes of the government.

 

The strategies this domain will undertake include research and documentation, awareness generation including legal trainings, as well as providing inputs to other domain areas on gender rights and gender based violence. This domain will evolve strategies to incorporate and encourage gender concerns within law enforcement agencies such as the police, judiciary, statutory implementing agencies and the legislature.

 

Indicators

In India, acts of violence that are perpetrated on women range from rape, dowry violence, pre-natal sex selection in favour of male babies, infanticide, sexual harassment and sexual exploitation including trafficking. The following three tables give an indication of the extent of gender based violence in India:

 

TABLE 1: Crimes Against Women in India: 2011 - 2015
Year Incidents of Crime against Women (Both IPC and SLL)
2011 2,28,650
2012 2,44,270
2013 3,09,546
2014 3,37,922
2015 3,27,394
Source: Chapter 5 - Crime Against Women - 2011-2015, NCRB
 
TABLE 2: Head-wise Incidents of Crime Against Women during 2011 – 2015
S.No. Crime Head 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1 Rape# (Sec. 376 IPC) 24,206 24,923 33,707 36,735 34,651
2 Kidnapping & Abduction (Sec. 363 to 373 IPC) 35,565 38,262 51,881 57,311 59,277
3 Dowry Death (Sec. 302 / 304 IPC) 8,618 8,233 8,083 8,455 7,634
4 Cruelty by husband or his relatives (Sec. 498-A IPC) 99,135 1,06,527 1,18,866 1,22,877 1,13,403
5 Assault on women with intent to outrage her/their modesty 42,968 45,351 70,739 82,235 82,422
6 Insult to the Modesty of Women 8,570 9,173 12,589 9,735 8,685
7 Importation of Girls (Sec. 366-B IPC) 80 59 31 13 6
8 Sati Prevention Act, 1987 0 0 0 0 0
9 Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 2,436 2,563 2,579 2,070# 2,424
10 Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986 453 141 362 47 40
11 Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 6,619 9,038 10,709 10,050 9,894
  TOTAL 2,28,650 2,44,270 3,09,546 3,37,922 3,27,394

‘#’ Excludes child rapes registered under the section 4 & 6 of Protection of Children from Sexual Offence Act 2012

Source: Chapter 5 - Crime Against Women - 2011-2015, NCRB

 

Reference Material

The following women specific legislations seek to address gender based violence and gender inequality:

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

Commission of Sati Prevention Act, 1987

Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986

Immoral Traffic Prevention Act, 1956

Pre Conception and Pre Natal Diagnostic Technique Act, 1994 and The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Amendment Act, 2002

Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971

The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005

Maternity Benefit Act 1961